Active and Passive Voice Rules

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Active Voice & Passive Voice

Active Voice 

  • It is used in normal writing.
  • Simple and straight forward.

Here, subject is important or subject is actively performing.

Passive Voice

  • It is used in Formal, professional, and legal discussions.

Here, object it given the priority.

How to Convert Active Voice to Passive Voice?

Present Simple Tense


Active Voice
Subject + V1+ object

Passive Voice
Object+ is/am/are+ V3+ subject

(Auxiliary Verb – is/am/are)

Present Continuous Tense


Active Voice 
Subject + is/am/are+ v (ing) + object

Passive Voice
Object+ is/am/are+ being+ V3+ subject

(Auxiliary Verb- is/am/are + being)

Present Perfect Tense


Active Voice

Subject + has/have+ v3+ object

Passive Voice 
Object+ has/have+ been+ V3+ subject

(Auxiliary Verb- has/have +been)

Present Perfect Continuous


Active Voice
Subject + have/has + been + V(ing) + object

Passive Voice  
Object + have/has + been + V3 + prep + subject

Past Simple Tense


Active Voice

Subject + V2+ object

Passive Voice
Object+ was/were + V3+ subject

(Auxiliary Verb- was/were)

Past Continuous Tense


Active Voice

Subject + was/were + v(ing)+ object.

Passive Voice
Object+ was/were +being+V3+subject

(Auxiliary Verb- was/were + being)

Past Perfect Tense


Active Voice

Subject + had + v3+ object.

Passive Voice 
Object+ had+been +V3+subject

(Auxiliary Verb- had +been)

Past Perfect Continuous Tense


Active Voice
Subject + had + been + V(ing) + object

Passive Voice
Object + had + been + V3 + prep + subject

Future Simple Tense


Active Voice

Subject + will+ v1+ object

Passive Voice
Object+ will+ be +V3+ subject

(Auxiliary Verb- will+ be)

Future Continuous Tense


Active Voice

Subject+ will+ be+ V(ing)+Object

Passive Voice
Object+ will+ be+ V3+ Subject

(Auxiliary Verb- will+ be)

Future Perfect Tense


Active Voice

Subject + will+ have +v3+ object.

Passive Voice 
Object+ will+ have+ been +V3+ subject

(Auxiliary Verb- will+have+been)

Future Perfect Continuous Tense 


Active Voice
Subject + will + have + been + V(ing) + object

Passive Voice
Object + will + have + been+ V3+ subject

(Auxiliary Verb- will+have+been)

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