Most Confusing English Words

Confusing English Words
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Most Confusing English Words

1. Advice v/s Advise


Pronunciation: /ədˈvʌɪs/

Advice is a noun 

Meaning: Guidance

Eg: My English teacher always gives good advice.


Pronunciation: /ədˈvʌɪz/

Advise is a verb, 

Meaning: Recommend.

Eg: I advised him to join Mihiraa for OET and IELTS coaching.

so you can advise someone by giving them good advice.

2. Affect v/s Effect


Pronunciation: /əˈfɛkt/

Affect is a verb

Meaning: make a difference to

Eg: COVID-19 has affected all sectors of the economy.


Pronunciation: /ɪˈfɛkt/

Effect is a noun

Meaning: a change which is a result 

Eg: The effect of the COVID-19 is enormous.

3. Council v/s counsel


Pronunciation: /ˈkaʊns(ə)l/

Meaning: a group of people who manage or advise

Eg: The council will amend new voting rules today. 


Pronunciation: /ˈkaʊns(ə)l/

Meaning: advice; to advise

Eg: I can’t manage my stress. Who is there to counsel me? 

4. It’s v/s Its


Pronunciation: /ɪts/

‘It’s’ is a contraction of “it is”.

Eg: I know it’s hard, but you’ll be okay.


Pronunciation: /ɪts/

‘Its’ is a possessive pronoun.

Meaning:  belonging to it. 

Eg: Don’t judge a book by its cover.

5. Loose v/s Lose


Pronunciation: /luːs/

Loose is usually an adjective: 

Meaning: not firmly or tightly fixed in place.

Eg: The screw became loose


Pronunciation: /luːz/

Lose is always a verb. 

Meaning: becomes unable to find or to be unvictorious in a game.

Eg: Mick was careful not to lose his ticket.

6. Practice v/s Practise


Pronunciation: /ˈpraktɪs/

Meaning: the use of an idea or method.

Eg: She just retired from her medical practice.


Pronunciation: /ˈpraktɪs/

Meaning: to do something repeatedly to gain skill.

Eg: I will practise my writing. 

7. Principle v/s Principal


Pronunciation: /ˈprɪnsɪp(ə)l/

Meaning: beliefs, values, or basic truths.

Eg: Everyone must know the fundamental principles of physics law.


Pronunciation: /ˈprɪnsɪp(ə)l/

Meaning: the head of a school or the main thing.

Eg: The principal actor in the play gave a great performance.

8. Quiet vs. Quite


Pronunciation: /ˈkwʌɪət/

Quiet functions as an adjective, a verb, and a noun. 


Adjective: describes things or people who make little noise.
Verb: to make or become calmer or less noisy.
Noun: the quality or state of being quiet or calm.

Eg: The whole class was quiet for a few minutes.


Pronunciation: /kwʌɪt/

Quite is an adverb 

Meaning:  very, completely or entirely, exactly or precisely.

Eg: Your thoughts are quite sensible.

9. Sight v/s Site


Pronunciation: /sʌɪt/

Meaning: the ability to see

Eg: It was love at first sight.


Pronunciation: /sʌɪt/

Meaning: a location

Eg: The police visited the site of the accident.

10. Stationary vs. Stationery


Pronunciation: /ˈsteɪʃ(ə)n(ə)ri/

Stationary is an adjective.

Meaning: not moving or not changing.

Eg:  The bus crashed into a stationary vehicle.


Pronunciation: /ˈsteɪʃ(ə)n(ə)ri/

Stationery is a noun 

Meaning: refer to materials (such as paper, pens, and ink) that are used for writing or typing, or specifically to paper.

Eg: He bought some stationery at the school store.

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