OET Listening Bits 13

OET Listening Bits 13

Question: What are the hallmark cognitive features that define delirium’s perplexing presentation?

a) Persistent attention, organized thinking, and heightened consciousness.

b) Fluctuating attention, disordered cognition, and unaltered consciousness.

c) Acute attention fluctuation, disorganized cognition, and changed consciousness.


c) “Acute attention fluctuation, disorganized cognition, and changed consciousness.”


  1. “Acute attention fluctuation”: The paragraph describes delirium as an “acute and fluctuating disturbance in cognition.” This means that individuals with delirium experience rapid changes in their ability to focus or pay attention, which is reflected in the phrase “acute attention fluctuation.”
  2. “Disorganized cognition”: The paragraph mentions that delirium is characterized by “disorganized thinking,” which implies that individuals with delirium have difficulty organizing their thoughts coherently or logically.
  3. “Changed consciousness”: The paragraph states that delirium involves an “altered consciousness.” This indicates that the person’s level of awareness, perception, or understanding is different from their usual state.

So, option c) accurately captures the key cognitive features mentioned in the paragraph that define delirium’s perplexing presentation.



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