OET Reading Sample 29
1. An IV cannula is a small plastic tube that is inserted into a vein to deliver fluids, medications, or blood products. The cannula has a needle inside that pierces the vein and then is removed, leaving the plastic tube in place. The tube is secured with tape or a dressing and connected to an infusion line. The nurse or doctor may use a tourniquet, a vein finder, or an ultrasound to locate a suitable vein for insertion. This is important to avoid complications such as infiltration, phlebitis, or infection. It can also ensure that the person receives the appropriate treatment or hydration.
The paragraph implies that an IV cannula
Ⓐ can be used to connect veins and infusion lines.
Ⓑ requires careful monitoring to prevent adverse effects.
Ⓒ makes effective medication administration.
2. The Code of Conduct states that accepting gifts, benefits or inducements can affect, or be seen to affect, the professional judgment of health practitioners and may erode public trust in the profession. The Code of Conduct also advises health practitioners to exercise caution in accepting gifts, benefits, or inducements offered by companies or organizations that provide goods or services to health practitioners or their patients. For example, accepting a sponsored trip to a conference from a pharmaceutical company may create a conflict of interest or a perception of bias.
The code of conduct applies to
Ⓐ receiving free samples of medications from drug representatives.
Ⓑ giving discounts or vouchers to health practitioners or their patients.
Ⓒ donating money or equipment by companies.
3. The policy for manual handling equipment emphasizes the importance of effective communication with patients and their families regarding the use of equipment. The policy also states that health practitioners should respect the patient’s dignity, privacy, and preferences, and provide clear information and education about the benefits and risks of equipment. For example, health practitioners should explain to the patient and/or family why a ceiling hoist or an air-assisted device is needed, how it works, and what they can expect during the transfer.
What does the policy for manual handling equipment tell health practitioners?
Ⓐ They should communicate and educate patients and families about equipment.
Ⓑ They should respect the patient’s wishes and use equipment accordingly.
Ⓒ They should what they can expect during the transfer.
4. Personal computers use:
Memo: Limited use of personal computers during work hours.
As personal computer technology has become more and more accessible, it is now posing a problem when used within the workplace, especially as a major source of distraction. For this reason, the use of personal computers within work hours will now be limited. The careless use of personal computers – whether for browsing, gaming, or social media communication, and whether by the manager or other employees may affect work productivity. Whenever possible, members of the work team should only engage in work-related activities during work hours. Personal and leisure activities should be avoided and kept as short as possible. Incoming messages should be muted or ignored unless they are urgent or important. Any use of a device or its accessories must not interfere with the work environment and special care should be taken to avoid inappropriate or offensive content within the sight or hearing of co-workers or customers.
The memo about the use of personal computers during work hours tells staff that
Ⓐ their use may be a breach of work ethics.
Ⓑ they are to be used as short as possible.
Ⓒ they can potentially reduce work efficiency.
5. Mosquito bite:
Mosquito bites are puncture wounds caused by female mosquitoes that feed on human blood. Mosquitoes inject saliva into the skin that contains anticoagulants, enzymes, and allergens. These substances trigger an immune response that results in itching, swelling, and inflammation. Mosquito bites can also transmit diseases such as malaria, dengue, yellow fever, and Zika virus. The risk of infection depends on the geographic location, the type of mosquito, and the duration of exposure. Prevention measures include using insect repellents, wearing protective clothing, and avoiding outdoor activities at dawn and dusk.
When preventing mosquito bites, what should the person remember?
Ⓐ Infection risk hinges on location, mosquito, and duration.
Ⓑ The substance that causes itching and swelling is the mosquito’s saliva.
Ⓒ Mosquito bites transmit the Zika virus.
6. Legal documentation:
Notice: Requirement to explain the patient consent forms.
This is a notice to remind all staff that it is mandatory to not only provide the patient consent forms but to also verbally explain all aspects of the form to the patient before the start of treatment. The purpose of this is to inform the patient of their rights and how we address the issue of collaborative decision-making and informed consent between health care and the patient. The client’s situation and options for legal action must be discussed so they are adequately informed and in a position to make decisions relating to their case. They must also be informed that they may choose to consent or refuse any form of legal service for any reason including ethical or personal grounds. Once they have given consent, they may withdraw that consent at any time.
The notice informs you that
Ⓐ the option of consent ultimately lies with the client.
Ⓑ information provided by the patient is on ethical or personal grounds.
Ⓒ patient consent forms are legally binding documents.
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