OET Reading Sample 32

OET Reading Sample 32 - Mihiraa

OET Reading Sample 32

OET Reading Part B Sample

The Code of Conduct on asking about personal matters.
Personal matters are those that relate to the patient’s life, preferences, values, goals, and feelings. Asking personal matters to a patient can help establish rapport, trust, and empathy, as well as provide information that can guide the care plan and decision-making. However, asking personal matters to a patient also requires sensitivity, respect, and professionalism.

Professional obligations The Code of Conduct contains guidance about the required standards of professional behavior, which apply to registered health practitioners whether they are interacting in person or online. The Code of Conduct also articulates standards of professional conduct in relation to the privacy and confidentiality of patient information, including when using social media. For example, disclosing the personal details of patients without their consent in any medium is a breach of the patient’s privacy and confidentiality, including on a personal blog or podcast, even if the audience is limited or anonymous.

  1. The code of conduct applies to
    Ⓐ health practitioners asking personal matters to patients.
    Ⓑ consent and documentation when asking personal matters to patients.
    Ⓒ verbal and written communication when asking personal matters to patients.

Dog bites
Dog bite injuries can range from minor to severe, depending on the size and breed of the dog, the location and depth of the wound, and the risk of infection. Dog bites are more common in children than adults, and most dog bites occur on the face, head, and neck. Dog bites can cause infections that need to be treated with antibiotics. Cultures of dog bites are usually monomicrobial, with the most common isolate being Pasteurella multocida, which occurs in up to 50% of cases. Some experts recommend that all patients with dog bites should receive antibiotic prophylaxis, especially if the wound is deep, punctured, or located on the hand or face. The choice of antibiotic therapy should cover P. multocida, which is susceptible to penicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, and doxycycline, antibiotics that are often used for animal bite infections.

  1. When prescribing antibiotics for a dog bite, what should the medical professional remember?
    Ⓐ All patients should receive antibiotics if the wound is deep or located on the hand or face.
    Ⓑ The bacterium Pasteurella multocida is the most common in dog bite patients.
    Ⓒ Penicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, and doxycycline are effective against Pasteurella multocida.

Communication in this guideline
Communication in this guideline is a crucial issue since the choice of words and expressions used to convey medical information can be confusing and intimidating, especially when the patients or their relatives have low health literacy, limited language proficiency, or different cultural backgrounds. Throughout the development of this guideline, the panel endeavored to avoid medical jargon wherever possible and to use clear and simple language that can be easily understood by the general public. Terms such as “chronic”, “benign”, “malignant”, and “prognosis” are explained in some areas; when doing so the panel provides examples and analogies that can help the patients or their relatives grasp the meaning and implications of these terms. In some of the recommendations the term “plain language” is used, again, to emphasize the importance of communication that is free of technical terms, abbreviations, and acronyms.

  1. The guideline tries to use communication that
    Ⓐ reduces confusion and ambiguity about medical information.
    Ⓑ respects the health literacy and language proficiency of patients or their relatives.
    Ⓒ provides examples and analogies to illustrate medical concepts.

Patient gown
A patient gown is a loose-fitting garment worn by hospital patients to allow easy access to the part of the body being treated. One end, fastened by twill tape ties, covers the back of the patient. The other end covers the front of the patient and can be opened or closed depending on the procedure. The patient gown is made of cotton or polyester fabric that can withstand repeated washing in hot water. The patient gown is designed in an era when patients spent most of their hospital stays confined to bed. In this context, the open back of patient gowns proved convenient as it made dressing and undressing patients easier for hospital staff and facilitated the use of a bedpan. However, some patients may feel uncomfortable or exposed in a patient gown, especially when they have to walk around the hospital or interact with visitors. Some alternatives to patient gowns include adaptive clothing, pajamas, or personal clothing that can accommodate medical devices.

  1. The main point of the extract on the patient gown is to describe
    Ⓐ the material and appearance of the garment.
    Ⓑ the advantages and disadvantages of wearing it.
    Ⓒ the alternatives and options for patients.

Tracheostomy tube
A tracheostomy tube is a hollow plastic tube that is used to create an artificial airway in a person who has difficulty breathing. One end, inserted by a skilled surgeon, passes through the person’s neck and into the trachea, or windpipe. The other end has a flange that rests on the skin of the neck and prevents the tube from slipping out. The tube may have an inner cannula that can be removed for cleaning or changing. The tube may also have a cuff that can be inflated or deflated to seal the airway and prevent leakage of air or fluids. The surgeon may use an X-ray or a bronchoscope to confirm the correct placement of the tube in the trachea. This is important to avoid complications such as bleeding, infection, or damage to the trachea or nearby structures. It can also ensure that the person receives adequate oxygenation and ventilation.

  1. The paragraph implies that a tracheostomy tube
    Ⓐ can be adjusted for different levels of airway protection and comfort.
    Ⓑ requires regular care and maintenance to prevent blockage and infection.
    Ⓒ is more effective and reliable than other airway devices.

Patient’s recovery room guideline
Visitation in this guideline is a sensitive issue since the choice of visitation policies and practices can affect the well-being and satisfaction of patients, family members, and healthcare providers, especially when the patients have complex medical needs, diverse cultural preferences, or limited social support. Throughout the development of this guideline, the panel endeavored to balance the benefits and risks of open and flexible visitation policies wherever possible. Terms such as “family”, “visitor”, “care partner” and “support person” are used in some areas; when doing so the panel acknowledges that patients have the right to define who constitutes their family and who can be involved in their care. In some of the recommendations the term “restricted visitation” is used, again, to refer to the limitations imposed on the number, duration, and frequency of visits due to infection control, patient safety, or resource availability.

  1. The guideline tries to use visitation policies that
    Ⓐ respect the autonomy and preferences of patients and their family members.
    Ⓑ consider the impact of visitors on patient outcomes and healthcare quality.
    Ⓒ adapt to the changing needs and circumstances of patients and their family members.




This is a work of fiction. Names, characters, businesses, places, events, and incidents are either the products of the author’s imagination or used in a fictitious manner. Any resemblance to actual persons, living or dead, or actual events is purely coincidental. The use of the names of real organizations, such as Oxford University and the World Health Organization (WHO), is for fictional purposes only and does not imply any endorsement by or affiliation with these organizations.


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