IELTS Problem and Solution Essay

IELTS Problem and Solution Essay

The IELTS Problem and Solution Essay is a type of essay in IELTS Writing Task 2 where you are presented with a problem, and your task is to discuss the problem and propose possible solutions. This type of essay aims to assess your ability to analyze a situation, identify issues, and suggest practical solutions.

Structure of IELTS Problem and Solution Essay:

Paragraph – 1:

  1. Introduction:

Briefly introduce the topic.

  • Begin by providing an introductory statement establishing a broader context related to the subject matter.

Paraphrase the Prompt:

  • Secondly, rephrase the exam question to show your understanding.

    Background Information (Optional):

  • Provide brief background information on the issue if necessary.

    Thesis Statement:

  • Clearly state the problem and mention what you will be discussing, highlighting its significance and potential consequences.
  • Outline your solutions: Briefly mention the solutions you will propose in the essay.


  • “The issue of [problem] has become a pressing concern in contemporary society. This essay will explore the causes of [problem] and propose viable solutions to address this growing issue.”
  1. Main Body: Discuss the Problem and Solutions:

    Paragraph 2: Analyzing the Problem

  • Describe the problem in detail: Explain the nature and causes of the problem, providing specific examples and statistics if possible.
  • Discuss the impact of the problem: Explain how the problem affects individuals and society at large, highlighting its negative consequences.
  • Consider the severity of the problem: Discuss the urgency of addressing the problem and its potential long-term effects if left unresolved.


  • “The primary issue at hand is [problem], which has detrimental effects on [affected individuals/society].” “Several factors contribute to the prevalence of [problem], including [cause 1], [cause 2], and [cause 3]. Addressing these root causes is crucial for developing effective solutions.”

    Paragraph 2: Present Solutions 1:

  • Introduce the solution: Clearly state the first solution you propose.
  • Explain how the solution addresses the problem: Explain how the solution works and how it tackles the root causes of the problem.
  • Provide evidence and benefits: Offer evidence to support the effectiveness of the solution and explain its potential benefits for individuals and society.
  • Consider limitations and drawbacks: Acknowledge any potential limitations or drawbacks of the solution and discuss how they can be mitigated.


  • “To mitigate the impact of [cause 1], one solution is [solution 1], which involves [implementation details]. Additionally, [solution 2] could be implemented to tackle [cause 2], involving [implementation details].”
  1. Counterargument (Optional):

    Paragraph 6: Acknowledge Potential Objections:

  • Acknowledge potential counterarguments or challenges to the proposed solutions.


  • “While some may argue that [counterargument], it is important to consider [response to counterargument], emphasizing the overall efficacy of the proposed solutions.”
  1. Conclusion:

  • Summarize the main points: Briefly recap the problem and the solutions you have proposed.
  • Evaluate the solutions: Compare and contrast the different solutions, highlighting their strengths and weaknesses.
  • Offer a recommendation: Recommend the most effective solution or a combination of solutions, providing justification for your choice.
  • Conclude with a forward-looking statement: Offer a final thought or observation about the potential impact of implementing the solutions.


  • “In conclusion, addressing the issue of [problem] requires a multifaceted approach that targets its root causes. By implementing the proposed solutions, we can pave the way for a [positive outcome] and create a more [desirable situation].”

 Tips for Success:

  1. Clear Problem Statement: Clearly articulate the problem and its significance.
  1. Comprehensive Solutions: Propose practical and comprehensive solutions to address all identified aspects of the problem.
  1. Counterargument (Optional): Acknowledge potential counterarguments and provide a brief response if applicable.
  1. Cohesive Devices: Use appropriate linking words to transition smoothly between points.
  1. Clarity: Keep your writing clear and concise. Avoid unnecessary repetition.
  1. Word Count: Aim for a word count of at least 250 words.

Additional Tips:

  • Maintain a formal and academic tone.
  • Use a variety of sentence structures.
  • Connect your ideas smoothly with transition words and phrases.
  • Proofread carefully for grammatical errors and typos.

This structure provides a comprehensive and organized approach to addressing the “Problem and Solution” essay prompt in IELTS Writing Task 2.


error: Content is protected !!