IELTS Problem And Solution Essay

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IELTS Problem And Solution Essay


The problem/ cause and solution essay is the type where you are required to list out problems/ cause associated with a particular topic and then suggest solutions to those problems/ causes. 

According to the statement given as question:

  • Write all the problems related to that statement. 
  • Then draft the solutions or remedies to those problems. 
  • Try to write with relevant information and unique ideas. 


Be very creative and innovative while writing all the problems/causes and solutions related to it. 

The most important things to do in IELTS problem solution essays.

  • Confusing problems and causes questions.
  • Do not write too many ideas. (2 ideas will be enough)
  • Develop your ideas.
  • Develop both sides of the argument equally.
  • Link the problems and solutions.
  • Be specific enough.

Essay Structure

IELTS problem/cause solution essays has a simple structure to write.

1) Introduction

  • Paraphrase the question
  • Outline sentence – 1 key problem/cause and related solution

2) Main body paragraph 1 – Problem or Cause

  • Topic sentence
  • State and explain the 1st problem or cause
  • State and explain the 2nd problem or cause
  • Give an example for 2nd problem

3) Main body paragraph 2 – Solution

  • Topic sentence
  • State and explain the 1st solution
  • State and explain the 2nd solution
  • Give an example for 2nd solution

4) Conclusion

  • Summarise the key points (1st and 2nd paragraph points)

This structure will give us a well-balanced essay with 4 paragraphs. 

This structure is easy to learn and enabling you to plan quickly and write the essay effortlessly.

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