IELTS Advantages Outweigh the Disadvantages Essay Sample – Economic Development

IELTS Advantages Outweigh the Disadvantages Essay Sample – Economic Development and Social Values


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Nowadays, most countries can improve the standard of living through economic development, but some social values are lost as a result.
Do you think the advantages of this phenomenon outweigh the disadvantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


In the present day, numerous countries have the potential to enhance their standard of living through economic development, but this often requires sacrificing certain important social values. Despite the numerous advantages that economic development can bring about, I firmly believe that the drawbacks are significant and outweigh the benefits. Economic progress frequently results in the neglect of crucial social values, with social interaction being one notable casualty.

The pursuit of economic development can indeed harm social values. The emphasis on personal success and material gain may overshadow the importance of human relationships, leading to a decline in social interaction and a rise in individualistic attitudes. This ultimately widens economic inequalities, as certain groups benefit disproportionately from development, exacerbating social divisions and creating social unrest. Moreover, in the rush for rapid growth, societies may witness a decline in traditions, cultural heritage, and community cohesion. For example, the ascent of consumerism and material wealth in marginalized communities, such as on Native American reservations in the United States, often leads to the erosion of cultural practices and traditions as people prioritize material possessions over cultural preservation.

On the other hand, one undeniable advantage is that economic growth creates job opportunities and improves the employment rate, resulting in reduced poverty levels and enhanced living standards. For instance, in countries like China and India, rapid economic growth has lifted millions out of poverty through industries such as manufacturing and tourism services. Additionally, economic growth leads to increased tax revenue, which can be allocated towards public services like healthcare, education, and infrastructure development. In developing nations, these improvements create a sustainable cycle that can contribute to enhanced overall societal well-being.

In conclusion, while economic development brings about notable advantages, I maintain that the drawbacks, including the loss of crucial social values like social interaction, outweigh the benefits. It is imperative for governments and societies to find ways to strike a balance and ensure that economic progress does not come at the expense of fundamental social values.

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