IELTS Bar Graph Vocabulary is a topic that can help you describe changes and differences in data over time or between groups using rectangular bars. Some of the vocabulary you can use are:

Nouns and verbs

To show upward and downward trends, such as rise, increase, climb, grow, rocket, surge, soar, decrease, drop, fall, decline, plummet, etc.

To show fluctuations or variations, such as change, fluctuate, vary, etc.

Adverbs and adjectives

To show the degree or speed of change, such as steadily, gradually, sharply, rapidly, steeply, slightly, dramatically, significantly, considerably, etc.

Nouns and adjectives

To show the highest and lowest points, such as peak, maximum, highest, top, nadir, minimum, lowest, bottom, etc.

Phrases to show comparisons and contrasts

To elucidate comparisons and contrasts between groups or categories, utilize phrases like “compared to/with,” “in comparison/contrast/relation to,” “while/whereas,” “on the other hand,” “however,” “nevertheless,” and similar expressions.

For illustrating changes over time, particularly when dealing with multiple bar graphs, incorporate phrases such as “increase/decrease,” “rise/fall,” “grow/decline by …%,” “double/triple/halve,” and “remain stable/unchanged/constant,” among others.

You can also use some synonyms or paraphrases to avoid repetition, such as:

– The number of tourists increased by 20% from 2010 to 2020. 

– There was a 20% rise in the number of tourists over the decade.

– The lowest percentage of people preferred cycling. 

– Cycling was preferred by the smallest proportion of people.

– The share of renewable energy sources fluctuated between 10% and 15%. 

– Renewable energy sources saw variations from 10% to 15%.


We hope this helps you improve your IELTS writing task 1 bar graph vocabulary.😊

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