IELTS Writing Task 2 – Essay

IELTS Writing Task 2 – Essay


IELTS Writing Task 2 is one of the sections of the IELTS (International English Language Testing System) exam. It assesses the test-taker’s ability to present and develop an argument on a given topic in a clear and coherent manner. This task contributes significantly to your overall writing band score.

Type: Academic and General Training modules have slightly different prompts, but the format remains the same.
Word Count: You are expected to write a minimum of 250 words.
Time: You have 40 minutes for this task.

Task Description:
You are presented with a prompt or statement that requires you to respond by discussing a particular issue, providing arguments for and against a given topic, or expressing your opinion on a matter.

Common Types of Task 2 Questions:

1. Advantages and Disadvantages Essay:

Prompt: “What are the advantages and disadvantages?”
Example: “Some people think that the best way to reduce crime is to give longer prison sentences. What are the advantages and disadvantages of doing this?”

2. Advantages Outweigh Disadvantages Essay:

  • Prompt: “Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?”
  • Example:  “Discuss the impact of increased reliance on technology in education. To what extent do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?”

3. Discussion Essay:

Prompt: “Discuss both views and give your opinion.”
Example: “Some people believe that children should be taught traditional values, while others think that technology and globalization are changing the world rapidly. Discuss both views and give your opinion.”

4. Opinion Essay:

Prompt: “To what extent do you agree or disagree?”
Example: “Some people believe that technology has made our lives too complex. To what extent do you agree or disagree?”

5. Problem and Solution Essay:

Prompt: “What are the problems associated with X? What solutions can you suggest?”
Example: “In many countries, the level of pollution is increasing. What are the problems associated with this? What solutions can you suggest?”

Structure of the Essay:

1. Introduction:

Briefly introduce the topic.
State your opinion if it is an opinion essay.
Outline the main points you will discuss.

2. Body Paragraphs:

Topic Sentence: Start each paragraph with a clear topic sentence.
Supporting Points: Provide reasons, examples, and evidence to support your arguments.
Counter-arguments (if applicable): Acknowledge opposing views and refute or qualify them.

3. Conclusion:

Summarize the main points.
Restate your opinion or present a balanced view.
Provide a closing statement.

Tips for Success:

1. Answer the Question: Make sure your essay directly addresses the given prompt.

2. Coherence and Cohesion: Ensure your ideas are logically organized and linked. Use cohesive devices (e.g., transition words) to guide the reader.

3. Grammar and Vocabulary: Aim for accuracy in grammar and a varied, appropriate vocabulary. Avoid repetitive language.

4. Task Response: Stay on topic and fully develop your ideas. Don’t go off on tangents.

5. Time Management: Allocate your time wisely. Plan and proofread within the 40-minute time frame.

Remember, practice is key to improving your IELTS Writing Task 2 skills. Familiarize yourself with different question types and practice writing essays on a variety of topics.

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