Conjunctions are used to join clauses, phrases, and words together for constructing sentences. Conjunctions make a link between/among words or groups of words to other parts of the sentence and show a relationship between/among them.
- Alex and Robin are playing together.
- Alex plays well, but Robin plays better than him.
- I play cricket, and Robin plays football.
- When he was sick, I went to see him.
Types of Conjunctions
- Coordinating Conjunctions
- Correlative Conjunctions
- Subordinating Conjunctions
The job of a coordinating conjunction is to join two words, phrases, or independent clauses, which are parallel in structure. There are seven coordinating conjunctions which are by far the most common conjunctions: and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet.
- We went to the stadium and enjoyed the cricket match.
- Do you want an ice cream or chocolate?
- Go away and never come back.
A correlative conjunction uses a set of words in a parallel sentence structure to show a contrast or to compare the equal parts of a sentence. The words of correlative conjunctions have a special connection between them.
The correlative conjunctions are not only – but also, either- or, neither – nor, both – and, not – but, whether – or.
- Neither Alex nor Robin can play baseball.
- I want both ice cream and
- He ate not only the ice cream but also the chocolate.
A subordinating conjunction joins elements of an unparallel sentence structure. These elements are usually a dependent clause and an independent clause.
Most commonly used subordinating conjunctions are:
After, how, than, when, although, if, that, where, as, in order that, though, which, as much as, inasmuch as, unless, while, because, provided, until, who/whom, before, since, what, whoever/whomever.
- Before we left home, I had had my breakfast.
- Provided they come, we can start class Tuesday.
- When he was washing my car, I went to the store.
- Even though the weather was horrible, they still went outside.